Monument to the armored train "Kozma Minin"
On the pedestal there is an armored steam locomotive with a tender, and on the stele the combat path of "Kozma Minin", which ran through Poland and Germany and ended in Berlin, is shown. After the war, the locomotive "Kozma Minin" was found in the Urals. He was rebuilt according to old drawings and installed on a pedestal in front of the railwaymen's culture house in Nizhny Novgorod.
The engine had an armor thickness of up to 45 mm. At the tender, commander's cabin was equipped, from which the commander, by telephone, operated armored pavilions.
Outside the battle armored train pulled the usual "black" locomotive, which was part of the division. But in combat conditions an armored steam locomotive was used. As the most important element, it was not placed in the head of the train, as in an ordinary train, but in the middle, so that it was more difficult to knock it off the airplane or from the gun. On either side of the armored vessel there were two covered armored sites, two open artillery armored sites and four control platforms.
According to its firepower, "Kozma Minin" was several times superior to the armored train created earlier: it was the first time that there were jet propulsion systems and reliable anti-aircraft artillery cover. On each covered armored surface were installed towers from the T-34 tank with 76 mm guns and several machine guns on each side. Open artillery sites were armed with anti-aircraft guns and a launcher for M-8 rockets. Thanks to such armament, "Kozma Minin" provided targeted fire to 12 km in each direction and carried a large ammunition with them.
Now the armored car is just green, but in the war it was painted white in winter and in camouflage yellow-green in the summer.
- Нижегородская область, Нижний Новгород, ул. Июльских Дней, 1