Makarievo — Holy Trinity Makarievo Zheltovodsky Monastery
The monastery was founded there in 1435 by monk Macarius who was later canonized. A few years later the monastery was ruined by the Tatars, and Macarius himself was forced to leave for another place. Almost two centuries later, the ruined monastery was rebuilt and called Makarievo Zheltovodsky. It was called Zheltovodsky (literally, Yellow Water) because earlier in its place there was Yellow («Zhelty» in Russian) Lake, which was eventually absorbed by the river Volga. The convenient location of the monastery contributed to the fact that a market appeared there after a while. Officially Makarievskaya Fair was founded in 1641 when by the decree of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich all duty revenues from the fair were given to the monastery «for candles, frankincence, church building, and living». Thus, the fair ensured fast growth in prosperity of the monastery and encouraged the construction of churches. To protect the monastery and fair, a fortress wall was built around. Future Patriarch Nikon lived in Makarievsky monastery in the XVII century. His contemporary and opponent, priest Habakkuk, the author of the famous «Life» came here. The year of 1816 became tragic for Makarievo as far as it was time when all the fairground buildings burnt during a severe fire. After that, the fair was moved to Nizhny Novgorod. The monastery was closed in 1868, and it resumed work in 1883 as a nunnery and existed until 1927. In Soviet times, its buildings were used as an orphanage, a hospital, and a training college. Now the complex is an exisiting nunnery.
In Makarievo monastery, as well as in any other, there is an own household but for those who enjoy exotic an ostrich farm was organized outside the monastery where all age groups of ostriches from their birth to adult producing families are shown. Here you will know where and when an ostrich originated, its evolution, life in the nature and at the farm; you will be also offered souvenirs, ostrich fat, and souvenir (Easter) painted ostrich eggs.